Literacy is related to listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Before a child even starts school, they are able to build foundational skills in literacy. These early skills, such as oral language, alphabet knowledge, phonological awareness, and letter writing, are connected to long-term school performance. Achieving reading proficiency by the end of third grade is a critical marker in a child’s educational development because by fourth-grade children are expected to use reading to learn other subjects

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